environment

Final energy use per capita and fuel mix in selected low, middle and high-income countries

“Historically, the pathway to economic growth has largely been a consequence of a shift away from an agrarian based economy towards industrialisation and a knowledge-based economy. Such structural changes in an economy in turn change its patterns and levels of energy consumption and shift the types of fuels and energy technologies it utilises. Economic and [...]

By |October 27th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , |

The relationship between per-capita final energy consumption and income in developing countries

“This figure shows the relationship between fuel use and income across a range of developing countries. In low-income countries, final consumption of energy in the residential, services, industry and transport sectors is low and is comprised mainly of biomass. In high-income developing countries, the fuel mix is much more diverse and the overall amount of [...]

By |October 27th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , |

Investment needs – economic infrastructure

“54% of the world’s need will be in Asia, the bulk of this in the world’s two fastest-growing and most populous countries. China will account for 34% of global need and India 8%. Investment will continue to shift to emerging markets; nearly two-thirds of global infrastructure investment in the period to 2035 is required in [...]

By |October 19th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , , |

LNG buyer types 2022

“Global LNG imports are expected to grow from around 355 bcm in 2016 (including re-exports) to over 460 bcm in 2022. Taking the 2016 position in the types’ matrix as a starting point, a number of buyers move their position towards a higher share of LNG in their natural gas supply, and nine new countries [...]

By |October 19th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , , |

Share of wind and solar in total electricity generation in selected countries

“Wind and solar shares are rapidly increasing in some countries, calling for increased flexibility in power systems.”

Share of wind and solar in total electricity generation in selected countries

 

Source: Renewable Energy Division, International Energy Agency - September , 2017.

By |October 12th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , , |

The population is growing, the amount of arable land per person is decreasing

“Merely 3 percent of the Earth’s surface is used as arable land. Only18 percent of that – or 0.5 percent of the Earth’s surface – can be used for growing food crops. Strong population growth has led to an increased demand for food. By the middle of the century, the demand for agricultural products will [...]

By |October 12th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , , |

Index of conflict risk between food security and biodiversity

“The majority of countries with the highest rank, where low food security and high biodiversity simultaneously occur, are located in the tropics. These countries are most at risk of biodiversity being exploited to meet nutritional needs, as there are few alternatives. The country with the lowest combined rank was Ireland, followed by Canada and Sweden, [...]

By |October 5th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , |

Recent and Planned Coal and Nuclear Retirements and 2016 U.S. Renewable Energy Share of Electricity Generation, by State

“The following map, compiled from Department of Energy data, shows that most retiring coal and nuclear plants are in regions that have little to no renewable generation, confirming that renewable energy or pro-renewable policies cannot be the primary factor driving those retirements. Rather, the primary factor driving power plant retirements appears to be low-cost shale [...]

By |October 5th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , |

Fertilizer consumption by region – 5 key markets (million tons nutrient consumption)

“Fertilizer demand is mostly influenced by the evolution of the planted area and yields, the crop mix, crop prices and fertilizer-to-crop price ratios, fertilizer subsidy regimes, nutrient management regulations, nutrient recycling practices, and innovation. Nitrogen is by far the largest nutrient accounting for 60% of total consumption. Phosphorus (phosphate) and Potassium fertilizers are primarily applied [...]

By |September 28th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , , |

Weighted average cost of capital of onshore wind energy across EU (in percent)

“In general, projects in southern and eastern Europe have higher financing costs than those in western and northern Europe. But financing costs also vary between countries with similar macroeconomic conditions. For example, wind power in Sweden report weighted average cost of capital (WACC) for equity and debt of 7.4 to 9.0 percent, significantly more than the [...]

By |September 28th, 2017|Categories: Graph Analysis|Tags: , , |